Tartar, dişlerinizin üzerinde biriken sert madde olduğu için dişlerinizi ve diş etlerinizi olumsuz etkileyebilir. Tartar oluşumunu önlemek için dişlerinizi düzenli olarak fırçalamak, diş ipi kullanmak ve diş hekimi kontrollerine gitmek önemlidir. Tartar hakkında daha fazla bilgi için okumaya devam edin.
What is Tartar?
Tartar, also known as dental calculus, is a hard deposit that accumulates on the teeth, particularly near the gum line. It is formed from the mineralization of dental plaque, which is a film of bacteria, food debris, and saliva that constantly forms on the teeth. Tartar is a common dental problem that can affect anyone, regardless of their age or oral hygiene habits.
Causes of Tartar
Tartar is caused by the mineralization of dental plaque. When plaque is not removed from the teeth, it hardens into tartar. Certain factors can increase the risk of tartar formation, including:
- Poor oral hygiene
- Smoking or chewing tobacco
- Consuming sugary or starchy foods and drinks
- Dry mouth
Symptoms of Tartar
Tartar is often visible as a yellow or brownish deposit on the teeth. Other symptoms of tartar include:
- Bad breath
- Sensitive teeth
- Bleeding or swollen gums
- Painful chewing
Complications of Tartar
If tartar is not removed, it can lead to several dental complications, including:
- Gingivitis (inflammation of the gums)
- Periodontitis (a more severe form of gum disease)
- Tooth loss
Prevention and Treatment of Tartar
The best way to prevent tartar formation is to practice good oral hygiene habits, including:
- Brushing at least twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste
- Flossing daily
- Using an antiseptic mouthwash
- Limiting sugary and starchy foods and drinks
If tartar has already formed, a dentist or dental hygienist can remove it through a process called scaling. Scaling involves using special instruments to remove the tartar from the teeth. In severe cases, a dentist may recommend a deep cleaning, which involves scaling and root planing to remove tartar from below the gum line.
Tartar is a common dental problem that can lead to several complications if left untreated. By practicing good oral hygiene habits and seeking professional treatment when necessary, you can prevent and treat tartar, ensuring a healthy smile for years to come.