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Plaque, dişlerdeki bakteri birikimlerinden oluşan yapışkan bir tabakadır. Fırçalama, diş ipi kullanımı ve diş temizliği ile önlenebilir. Plaque hakkında daha fazla bilgi edinmek için okumaya devam edin.

What is Plaque?

Plaque is a sticky film that accumulates on the teeth and gum line. It is made up of bacteria and their byproducts, food particles, and saliva. If plaque is not removed regularly, it can harden into tartar. Tartar buildup can lead to various dental problems, including gum disease and tooth decay.

How Plaque Forms

Plaque formation starts shortly after eating and drinking. Bacteria that are present in the mouth feed on the food particles left behind in the teeth. As they digest the food, they produce acids that can wear away the tooth enamel and irritate the gums, leading to inflammation and infection.

The longer the food particles remain in the mouth, the more time the bacteria have to feast and produce more acids, which can lead to more extensive damage to the teeth and gums. Over time, the acid and bacteria buildup can form a thick layer of plaque on the teeth.

Effects of Plaque on Oral Health

Plaque buildup can cause a variety of dental problems, including:

  • Gum disease: When plaque is not removed regularly, bacteria can cause inflammation in the gums, leading to gingivitis and periodontitis.
  • Tooth decay: The acidity produced by the bacteria in plaque can erode the tooth enamel and cause cavities.
  • Bad breath: The bacterial buildup can cause foul-smelling breath, even after brushing and flossing.

Preventing Plaque Buildup

The best way to prevent plaque buildup is to practice good oral hygiene habits, including:

  • Brushing twice a day with fluoride toothpaste
  • Flossing daily
  • Rinsing with mouthwash
  • Eating a balanced diet that is low in sugary and starchy foods
  • Visiting the dentist regularly for checkups and cleanings

Removing Plaque Buildup

If plaque has already hardened into tartar, it can only be removed by a dental professional during a cleaning. However, regular brushing and flossing can help prevent the buildup of tartar and keep the teeth and gums healthy.

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