Gum recession is a common dental problem that can lead to tooth sensitivity and possibly even tooth loss if left untreated. Learn more about the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for gum recession.

What is Gum Recession?

Gum recession is a common dental problem that affects many people. It occurs when the gums surrounding the teeth pull back or wear away, exposing the tooth roots. This can lead to a variety of dental issues such as sensitivity, decay, and even tooth loss.

Causes of Gum Recession

The most common cause of gum recession is gum disease, also known as periodontitis. This occurs when the bacteria in plaque infect the gums, causing inflammation and damage. Other causes of gum recession include aggressive brushing, hormonal changes, genetic factors, tobacco use, and poor dental hygiene.

Signs and Symptoms of Gum Recession

Some of the signs and symptoms of gum recession include:

  • Exposed tooth roots
  • Bleeding gums
  • Sensitive teeth
  • Pain while brushing or flossing
  • Bad breath
  • Loose teeth

If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to see a dentist as soon as possible.

Treatment for Gum Recession

The treatment for gum recession will depend on the cause and severity of the condition. If you have mild gum recession, your dentist may recommend deep cleaning or scaling and root planing to remove the plaque and bacteria causing the inflammation.

For more advanced cases, your dentist may recommend gum surgery or a gum graft to restore the lost tissue. It is important to practice good dental hygiene and visit your dentist regularly to prevent gum recession and other dental issues.

Preventing Gum Recession

There are several steps you can take to prevent gum recession, including:

  • Brushing twice a day with a soft-bristled brush
  • Flossing daily
  • Using an antibacterial mouthwash
  • Quitting smoking
  • Eating a healthy diet
  • Visiting your dentist regularly

By taking these steps, you can maintain healthy gums and prevent gum recession.


Gum recession is a common dental problem that can cause a variety of issues. It is important to be aware of the causes and symptoms of gum recession and take steps to prevent it. By practicing good dental hygiene and visiting your dentist regularly, you can maintain healthy gums and prevent dental problems.

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