Caries, a dental disease caused by bacteria, can be prevented and treated with good oral hygiene and regular dental checkups. Learn about the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for caries from our expert dentists.

Understanding Caries: What It Is and How It Affects You

As one of the most common dental problems, caries is something that affects millions of people around the world. But what exactly is caries, and how does it impact your dental health? In this article, we’ll explore the ins and outs of caries and what you need to know to keep your teeth healthy and strong.

What is Caries?

Caries is a medical term that refers to tooth decay or cavities. It occurs when bacteria in your mouth produce acids that erode your tooth enamel, causing holes and weakening your teeth. The symptoms of caries can vary depending on the severity, but they typically include tooth sensitivity, pain, and visible holes or “pits” in your teeth.

What Causes Caries?

There are several factors that can contribute to the development of caries. These include:

  • Poor oral hygiene: If you don’t brush and floss regularly, the bacteria in your mouth can build up and form plaque, which can lead to caries.
  • Diet: Eating sugary or acidic foods and drinks can contribute to the formation of caries.
  • Dry mouth: If your mouth doesn’t produce enough saliva, it can increase your risk of developing caries.
  • Lack of fluoride: Fluoride is a mineral that helps protect your teeth from decay. If you don’t get enough fluoride, you may be more susceptible to caries.
  • Genetics: Some people may have a genetic predisposition to caries, making them more likely to develop it even with good oral hygiene habits.

How Can You Prevent Caries?

The good news is that caries is largely preventable with proper dental care. Here are some tips for preventing caries:

  • Brush your teeth at least twice a day with fluoride toothpaste.
  • Floss at least once a day to remove plaque and food particles from between your teeth.
  • Avoid sugary or acidic foods and drinks.
  • Drink plenty of water to stay hydrated and help flush away bacteria.
  • Visit your dentist regularly for cleanings and checkups.

Treatment for Caries

If you do develop caries, treatment options may vary depending on the severity. In early stages, your dentist may recommend fluoride treatments or fillings to repair the damage. However, in more advanced cases, you may need a root canal or even extraction of the affected tooth.


Caries may be a common dental problem, but it’s also one that’s largely preventable with proper care. By taking steps to maintain good oral hygiene and watching what you eat, you can minimize your risk of developing caries and keep your teeth healthy and strong for years to come.

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