Bruxism, dişlerin sıkı sıkıya sıkılması veya gıcırdatılması olarak bilinen bir diş problemdir. İşte bu yazıda bruxism ile ilgili tüm detayları öğrenebilirsiniz.

What is Bruxism

Bruxism is a medical condition that involves the grinding or clenching of teeth, which can happen during the day or night while a person is sleeping. It’s a common occurrence and can affect people of all ages, although it’s more prevalent in children and young adults.

Types of Bruxism:

There are two types of bruxism, which are:

  • Awake Bruxism: This type of bruxism happens during the day when a person is awake. They may clench or grind their teeth in response to stress, anxiety, or tension.
  • Sleep Bruxism: As the name suggests, sleep bruxism occurs during sleep. People who suffer from this type of bruxism may not know they have it until a partner or family member hears them grinding or clenching their teeth at night.

Causes of Bruxism:

The causes of bruxism can vary and include:

  • Stress and Anxiety: Emotional stress and anxiety can manifest in physical ways, including bruxism.
  • Sleep Disorders: Sleep disorders such as sleep apnea, snoring, and breathing difficulties can lead to sleep bruxism.
  • Dental Issues: Misaligned teeth, missing teeth, or an improper bite can cause bruxism.
  • Medications: Certain medications, such as antidepressants, can cause bruxism as a side effect.

Symptoms of Bruxism:

Some of the most common symptoms of bruxism include:

  • Headaches and earaches
  • Jaw pain and stiffness
  • Facial pain and tightness
  • Tooth sensitivity to hot and cold temperatures
  • Worn, chipped, or cracked teeth
  • Disrupted sleep or insomnia

Treatment for Bruxism:

The treatment for bruxism varies depending on the severity of the condition and its underlying cause. In mild cases, simple home remedies such as stress reduction techniques, warm compresses, and a warm bath before bedtime may alleviate the symptoms. In more severe cases, dental treatments such as splints or mouthguards can be effective. In some cases, muscle relaxants or botox injections may be prescribed by a doctor.


Bruxism can have a significant impact on a person’s physical and emotional well-being. Understanding the symptoms, causes, and treatment options can help individuals manage the condition and find relief from its effects.

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